2013年12月英语四级考试翻译试题及答案(考吧)

2013年12月大学英语四级翻译原文及参考译文

  【翻译原文】

  “你要茶还是咖啡?”是用餐人常被问到的问题。许多西方人会选咖啡,而中国人则会选茶。相传,中国的一位帝王于五千年前发现了茶,并用来治病,在明清(The Qing Dynasties)期间,茶馆遍布全国,饮茶在六世纪传到日本,但直到18世纪才传到欧美。如今,茶是世界上最流行的饮料(beverage)之一,茶是中国的瑰宝,也是中国传统和文化的重要组成部分。

  【参考译文一】

  “Would you like tea or coffee?” This is a question which the dining people are frequently asked. Some westerners tend to choose coffee, while the Chinese usually choose tea. There is a legend that one Chinese emperor found tea 5,000 years ago and used it to cure illnesses. During the Ming and Q ing Dynasties, tea houses were widespread throughout China. Tea-drinking was spread to Japan in the 6th century but to Europe and America until the 18th century. Nowadays, tea is one of the most popular beverages in the world. Tea is the treasure of China, and it is also an important part of the Chinese tradition and culture.

  【翻译原文】

  “你要茶还是咖啡?”是用餐人常被问到的问题。许多西方人会选咖啡,而中国人则会选茶。相传,中国的一位帝王于五千年前发现了茶,并用来治病,在明清(The Qing Dynasties)期间,茶馆遍布全国,饮茶在六世纪传到日本,但直到18世纪才传到欧美。如今,茶是世界上最流行的饮料(beverage)之一,茶是中国的瑰宝,也是中国传统和文化的重要组成部分。

  【参考译文二】As for the dinning people, ”Tea or Coffee?” is a question frequently asked. Coffee is usually the Westerns’ first choice, while tea is the preferment of Chinese. Tradition has it that tea is found by one Chinese Emperor, who lived in 5000 years ago. At that time, tea is used to heal sickness. During Ming-Qing dynasties, teahouses are across the country. Tea drinking spread into Japanese as early as in the 6th century, yet it did not spread into Europe and America until the 18th century. Nowadays, tea is one of the most popular beverages all over the world. Tea is the treasure of China and the important component of Chinese tradition and culture.


【原文】

  信息技术(Information Technology),正在飞速的发展,中国公民也越来越重视信息技术,有些学校甚至将信息技术作为必修课程,对这一现象大家持不同观点。一部分人认为这是没有必要的,学生就应该学习传统的课程。另一部分人认为这是应该的,中国就应该与时俱进。不管怎样,信息技术引起广大人民的重视是一件好事。

  【参考译文】

  Nowadays, with the fast development of Information Technology, Chinese citizens are attaching more and more importance to it. Some schools and universities have even included Information Technology in their required courses, which has led to different opinions. Some people think it is unnecessary to make IT courses required, and students are supposed to take traditional courses. Oppositely, other people think it is necessary to do so, for China and its people should keep pace with the times. Either way, it is a good thing that Information Technology has attracted people's attention.

  【点评】

  段落翻译是本次考试的新题型之一,由考查简单的词组掌握、句型表达转为考查篇章整体表达,相比改革前的句子翻译,无论是分值还是难度都有所加大,对考生的能力水平要求更高。

  从真题内容来看,考题比样卷中的内容要简单不少。原文语言平实、结构简单,给出了关于信息技术是否该成为必修课的两个对立观点,更像是一篇四级考试作文题,其中也没有比较复杂的句型、高难度的词汇,每个观点的内容也都给出,考生只需要照字面意思翻译,同时像写作文一样,注意上下文的衔接即可。

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